Pongal is Tamil harvest festival celebrated by the Tamil Hindu community in Singapore in the month of January to honor the god Surya.
Pongal is mainly celebrated by farmers to convey thanks to the Sun God for providing the energy for agriculture. Part of the celebration is the boiling of the first rice of the season consecrated to the Sun.
It is celebrated for four day between January 13 to 16 in the Gregorian calendar. The first day is called “Bhogi” celebrated with discarding all the old things like dress in the fire to welcome the new start of the year.
On the second day, called “Thai Pongal” During the festival outside of the house decorative patterns called Kolam drawn using rice flour and different colour Powders by female members of the family, milk is cooked in a vessel. When it starts to bubble and overflows out of the vessel, freshly harvested rice grains are added to the pot.
The third day is called the “Maatu Pongal” is to honour the cattle and cow to yield good milk throught the year and cow are tried with bells around the neck and painted to the hons of the cow.
And the last day or fourth day is called the “Kannum Pongal” in which all the community people with their family go together for outing and seeking blessing from their elders.
Thaipusam is the Hindu festival of South india, Tamil community in Singapore celebrated this festival in the holy month Thai (January / February) every year. This festival honor of their Hindu god, Subramaniam, or Lord Murugan.
The word Thaipusam is a combination of the name of the month, Thai, and the name of a star, Pusam according to the Hindu calendar.
Hindu devotees in Singapore start their procession at the Sri Srinivasa Perumal Temple in the early morning, carrying milk pots as offerings or attaching "kavadis" and vel pierced in the mouth, spikes pierced on their body. The procession travels for 4 kilometres before finishing at Tank Road, Sri Thendayuthapani Temple.
The devotees pulling a silver chariot of Lord Muruga around the street to Sri Layan Sithi Vinayagar temple and returns in the evening to Sri Thendayuthapani Temple.
Sri Thendayuthapani Temple is decorated the lights and flowers and Annathanam (free food) is offered to the devotes who visits the temple.
|Little India||January / Febrauary|
Singapore’s most Popular Festival is Chinese New year, due to the largely populated Chinese people. Chinese New Year is the first day of the New Year in the Chinese calendar, It will be celebrated in various places, but specially in chinatown this festival is celebrated in colorful. The Chinatown streets has a food stalls, street lightings, Music bands and much more. Families shop for new clothes and keep their homes clean. malls are beautifully decorated with red lanterns and traditional Chinese music plays in the background.
|Chinatown and various venues||Febrauary / March|
Vesak is celebrated in the mark of Buddha’s birthday. it is also called as Buddha Purnima and Buddha Day, which is celebrate in most of the Asian counties and all over the world from Buddhist community. In Singapore this day is called as “Visak” and it is a government holiday. Vesak day signifies the birth, enlightenment (nirvana) and passing away (Parinirvana) of the Lord Gautama Buddha.
|various venues||May / June|
The dragon boat festival is traditional event in china. It is a human-powered watercraft, it consist of 20 paddlers, one drummer and one steerer who puts their skills against each other about 800mts to win the Competition.
The paddlers sit facing towards the destination point, the drummer stands facing the paddlers and the steerer stand behind the paddlers. The first pair of paddlers, called "pacers," "strokes" or "timers," set the pace for the team and are responsible for synchronising their strokes with one another.
The drum beats produced by the drummer may be considered the “heartbeat” of the dragon boat. The rhythmic drum beat to indicate the frequency of all the paddlers’ stroke to increase the speeds or decrease etc. the drumber may issue hand singals or voice calls to perform at the peak.
The steers of the dragon boat with a sweep oar rigged at the rear of the boat, generally on the left side. This is done by using the oar as a rudder, while the boat is moving, or by sweeping the stern of the boat sideways by pulling or pushing water with the oar as the boat is moving slowly or stationary.
The sweep must constantly be aware of the boat's surroundings. Since the sweep is the only person in the boat who is able to control the boat looking forward.
In Singapore the festival held in the month of June every year and it is held on the “Debok Reservoir”. Sport lovers come and enjoy the thrilling event.
|Debok Reservoir||Month of June / July|
The Mid-Autumn Festival is a harvest festival celebrated by Ethnic Chinese and Vietnamese people. The festival is a time to enjoy the successful reaping of rice and wheat with food offerings made in honor of the moon. The full moon represents an auspicious symbol of abundance, harmony and prosperity to ever one, Enjoy a fun night out with family and friends with your creative lanterns as you join in the Chinatown Mid-Autumn Festival.
|Chinatown||Month of September|
It is also called as Hari Raya Aidilfitri, which means “Day of Celebration” is celebrated by Muslims all over the world. It signifies the end of the month of Ramadan.
On this day oil lamps at homes and mosques are lighted from the 20th day of Ramadan and continue lighting bright until the end of the festival. Muslims were new clothes and celebrate with family and friends in the evening with delicious food.
|various venues||July / August|
Hari Raja Haji is called as Feast of Scarifies and celebrated by Muslims all over the world on the 10th day of the last month of the Islamic Calendar every year. It is also called as Bakr-Eid, in india, Eid al-Adha in Arabic. It honors the willingness of Abraham (Ibrahim) to sacrifice his son Ishamel, as an act of submission to God's command, just before he was about to sacrifice his son Ishamel, God appeared before him, happy with Abraham's intentions. Thus, Ishamel was saved from sacrifice and instead, ram was sacrificed in his place.
Mosques was decorated with lights and other decorations, Muslims do prayers before sunrise, after that they prepare meals and the meat from the sacrificed animal is preferred to be divided into three parts. The family keeps one third of the share; another third is given to relatives, friends and neighbors; and the remaining third is given to the poor and needy.
|various venues||July / September / October|
The Ghost Festival is a traditional Buddhist and Taoist festival held in Asian countries and by the Singapore Chinese community on 15th night of the seventh month of the Chinese calendar, in which ghosts and spirits, including those of the deceased ancestors, come out to the earth to roam.
Singapore Chinese community celebrate by offering food, prayers, and burning joss sticks and hell money to pay tribute to their deceased relatives so that it will not disturbed the people in their daily life.
In Singapore people celebrate concert performances at outdoor stages in their places. These performance are held at night with procession of idol moving around the street of chinatown in Singapore.
|mainly in Chinatown||July-Sept|
The National Day is celebrated as Independence Day in Singapore after it got independence from Malaysia on 9th August, 1965. The National Day Parade usually takes place at Marina Bay and there will be a speech by the Prime Minister. The parade includes members of the Singapore Armed Forces, Singapore Police Force, Singapore Civil Defence Force, representatives of the People’s Action Party, Students also march in uniformed groups including Scouts, Girl Guides and diverse Cadet Corps after that activities takes place.
“Five Stars” Tribute Aerial Flypast
State Flag Flypast
Salute to the Nation
Aerial FlyPast Grand Finale of Fireworks
|Float@Marina Bay / National Stadium||9th August, Every Year|
Diwali / Deepavali is known as “Festival of Lights” is celebrated by the Hindus community across the world. This festivals unite people with irrespectively of their religion and nationality. Little India in Singapore is the best place to enjoy this festival with lots of entertainments as the sun sets in the evening to burst the crackers in the sky. Traditional and culture activities take place, street parade, concerts and impressive bazaars with traditional clothing, saris, oil lamps, fragrant flowers, jeweleries will be on sale. In little India houses are decorated with small oil lamps on the walls which looks so beautiful and colorful.
On Serangoon Road is decorated with lights, garlands and colorful arches and temple also decorated with garland and lightings with special puja’s.
|Little India||October / November|
Christmas is the birth of Jesus Christs and it celebrated all over the world, which falls on 25th December every year and Singapore is one of the best place to visit on Christmas Eve.
The best place for shopping is orchard road, where you find many malls, some of the famous malls like 313@somerset, Cathay Cineleisure Orchard, ION Orchard, Hilton Shopping Gallery etc and road are decorated with Christmas lights when you walk on these road you feel with a Christmas festival mood.
Christmas Concert will be held in Orchard Road every year, Road will be closed to vehicles for this event. Enjoy the various performances and after that, burn off some calories by joining other merrymakers in around the orchard.
Foodies can enjoy the delicious food in the restaurant around the corner in orchard. Singapore has some lovely historic old churches to visit during this Eve.
|various venues||25th December|
|1 Jan||Sun||New Year's Day|
|2 Jan||Mon||New Year's Holiday|
|28 Jan||Sat||Chinese New Year|
|29 Jan||Tue||Chinese New Year
|14 Apr||Fri||Good Friday|
|1 May||Mon||Labour Day|
|1 May||Mon||Labour Day (Observed)|
|10 May||wed||Vesak Day|
|25 Jun||Sun||Hari Raya Puasa|
|9 Aug||Wed||National Day|
|1 Sep||Fri||Hari Raya Haji|
|25 Dec||Mon||Christmas Day|